Web design

ABCs of Web Design

Accessibility – refers to how easy to use or ‘accessible’ your website is, in
particular to less able users such the visually impaired.

Breadcrumb trail – often also known as a pathway, the breadcrumb is a (usually)
horizontal list of links which display the path to the current page from the
homepage for example the breadcrumb trail to this article may be:

Home > Internet & Business Online > Singapore web design > ABC’s of Web

CSS – Cascading style sheets usually referred to as CSS are a markup language
used to tell web browsers what a web pages should look like for example what
colours, font styles, sizes and positions a page should use. CSS files have
the file extension.css

Domain names – A domain name is the names used to find a website in a web browser
for example EzineArticles.com. Domain names can also have subdomains such as

Embed – A term often used generally to describe elements such as video or flash
which can be ’embedded’ into a page. An embedded element is usually something
which does not run natively in a web browser and required additional plugins
to be installed such as a flash player.

Favicon – Short for ‘favourite icon’ the favicon is the small image displayed
next to the url in most web browsers. It gets its name from a time before search
engines were commonly used to find websites and favourite lists were important
features. The favicon would sit next to favourite bookmarked sites.

GUI – Graphical user interface or GUI refers to the operating system which
allows a visitor to get information from a computer in visual form without entering
code. In its any website is a GUI although in web design Singapore this terminology usually
refers to more advanced web based applications and games.

HTML – Hypertext Markup Language or HTML is the main language of the web and
what most web pages use to structure their content. not strictly a programming
language HTML is a very basic set of commands which a web browser can interpret
to help lay out a web page.

Image map – An essentially outdated style of web design where a single image
has clickable sections which link to different web pages. Image maps are rarely
used in modern web design company singapore as they are considered somewhat inaccessible

JPEG – JPEG or JPG are the most common file type used for displaying images
on the internet. GIF and PNG images are also popular.

Keywords – Keywords are used by search engine optimisers (SEO’s) to help search
engines to understand what a page is about and return that page for relevant
search results. SEO’s used to place keywords inside meta keyword tags although
this practice is now outdated and keywords are now most effective if used in
the page title, headings and within the copy of webpages.

Link – Links or Hyperlinks are the navigational systems of the internet allowing
visitors to move between web pages and Singapore web design. Links are coded in HTML using
the a href tags but a link can also be created using javascript and flash.

Meta data – Meta data on web pages refers to additional information about the
page contained in the area of the HTML which is not displayed to visitors but
is instead used by machines readers such as search engine crawlers.

Navigation – Any system which allows visitors to ‘navigate their way around
a website may be referred to as a navigation system. the most common navigation
on websites are menus, search functions, breadcrumb trails and sitemaps

Open source – Refers to software where the source code can be accessed and
edited to make it behave in a different way. The most popular open source software
in web design today is the WordPress blogging platform which anyone can download,
install and edit. Open source typically makes web design faster as its often
easier to start with someone else’s code than to write your own from scratch.

Permalink – permanent link’s or permalinks are usually used in blogging terminology
to describe the absolute link to a post or page which does not change over time.
As blogs are time based with new content being added regularly the permalink
of a post is where the post will still be found after it gets pushed off the
homepage by newer posts.

RSS – Really Simple Syndication or RSS is a type of XML file which simplifies
the contents of a website into a content ‘feed’ which can be easily published
on other sites or accessed by applications such as RSS readers. Using RSS a
sites contents can be read without ever having to visit the website itself.

Subdomain – A subdomain sits underneath a domain name in the hierarchy of the
web. The subdomain is the part of a web address which proceeds the domain name.
for example in blog.ezinearticles.com the ‘blog’ part of the address would be
the subdomain while EzineArticles would be the domain. Subdomains are useful
for hosting different types of content under the same domain name.

Tracking code – Code added to web pages to allow visitors to be monitored by
Web Analytics tools like Google Analytics is called tracking code. Usually tracking
code is a small piece of javascript code which is not visible on a web page
to normal visitors but communicates information about the visitor back to the
web analytics server.

URL – universal resource locator or URL is the address of a webpage on the
internet which is displayed in the address bar of a web browser.

Valid XHTML – refers to the code of a webpage which ‘validates’ against standards
set out by the W3C (see below). This is an industry standard among web designers.

W3C – World Wide Web Consortium or W3C are a group who define ‘standards’ for
web design technology.

XML – eXtensible Markup Language or XML is a type of markup language used to
create a simple structure for online documents such as RSS feeds.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5118170